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TU Berlin

Inhalt des Dokuments

Research

My current research interests are in the field of Dynamical Systems and Applications.

Theory:

  • Systems with time-delays,
  • Networks and lattices of coupled systems,
  • PDEs with time-delays

Examples of applications:

  • Dynamics of optoelectronic systems,
  • Neural networks - synchronization, plasticity, dynamics... 


Below, I will post some very recent examples in more details.

 

Self-organized resistance to noise of neuronal networks with spike-timing dependent plasticity

Bifurcation diagram for coupling weights. Blue-shaded region: bidirectional coupling is stable. Red-shaded region: unidirectional coupling is stable. Inset: Schematic diagram of the model of two coupled neurons with STDP.
Lupe

One of a fundamental adaptation mechanism of the nervous system is spike time-dependent plasticity (STDP). Depending on the spiking behavior of neural cells, plasticity regulates the  coupling  between individual cells and controls the network connectivity. Jointly  with the Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine - Neuromodulation (Research Center Jülich) we  study ensembles of synchronized spiking neurons with adaptive coupling, that  are perturbed by an independent random input. For such networks, the  phenomenon of self-organized resistance to noise has been reported that is  characterized by an increase of the overall coupling and preservation of synchrony in the neural populations with STDP in response to the external noise growth [1]. We studied further theoretically the influence of noise on a microscopic level by  considering only two coupled neurons [2], where the underlying mechanism can be studied in more details.

[1] O. V. Popovych, S. Yanchuk, P. A. Tass, Self-organized noise resistance of oscillatory neural networks with spike timing-dependent plasticity, Sci. Rep. 3, 2926 (2013)

[2] L. Lücken, O. Popovych, P. Tass, S Yanchuk, Noise-enhanced coupling between two oscillators with long-term plasticity, Phys. Rev. E. 93, 032210 (2016), [preprint]

Reduction of interaction delays in networks

A small network resembling a connectivity between several regions in the brain. The component-wise timeshift transformation leads to a system with a reduced number of delays (right)
Lupe

Delayed interactions are a common property of coupled natural systems and arise in a variety of different applications.  For instance, in neural or laser networks, the signals propagate at finite speed giving rise to delayed connections.  In realistic situations the delays are not identical on different connections. We show how it is possible to reduce the number of different delays and simplify the models without loss of information. Our method allows also to determine certain dynamic  invariants in delay-coupled networks (e.g. such as round-trip delays along the fundamental semicycles).

[1] L. Lücken, J. P. Pade, K. Knauer, S. Yanchuk, Reduction of interaction delays in networks, EPL (Europhys. Lett.) 103, 10006 (2013)

[2] L. Lücken, J.P. Pade, K. Knauer, Classification of coupled dynamical systems with multiple delays: finding the minimal number of delays, SIAM J. Appl. Dyn.l Syst. 14, 286 (2015).

Dissipative solitons and delayed feedback

Lupe

Localized solutions are important nonlinear phenomena in spatially extended systems. For instance, laser cavity solitons are self-localized peaks of the intensity of  light in an optical cavity. In our publication [1], we study how time-delayed feedback influences such structures. In particular, we report a novel destabilization mechanism of localized solutions leading to the  appearance of multiple coexistent laser cavity solitons. We show that at large  delays apart from the drift and phase instabilities the soliton can exhibit a delay-induced modulational instability that produces a zigzagging motion of the solitons, which are either periodic or chaotic.

[1] D. Puzyrev, A. Vladimirov, S. Gurevich, S. Yanchuk. Modulational instability and zigzagging of dissipative solitons induced by delayed feedback. Phys. Rev. A 93, 041801(R) (2016)

[2] D. Puzyrev, S. Yanchuk, A. Vladimirov, S. Gurevich. Stability of plane wave solutions in complex Ginzburg-Landau equation with delayed feedback. SIAM J. Appl. Dyn. Syst. 13, 986 (2014)

Spiking behavior in loops or chains of neurons (or other oscillatory systems)

Lupe

Feed-forward loops of coupled neurons are generic components of nervous systems. Describing the dynamics in such loops, especially, the emergence of stable spiking patterns is crucial for understanding neuronal information processing and storage. It has been shown that coupled loops of neurons may have amazing dynamical properties. For instance, stable traveling waves may emerge that travel not only in the direction of the coupling but also in opposite direction.

Our obtained results in [5-6] go beyond the phenomenon of traveling waves. We show that a great variety of complex time-periodic spiking patterns, can be generated by a feed-forward loop. Moreover, we provide a recipe that enables  to select the pattern of coupling delays and/or coupling strengths leading to a desired spiking pattern. Since the nervous system is able to tune both synaptic weights and communication delays, it is able to  generate, store, and retrieve a multitude of stable spiking patterns in such a generic neuronal module. Accordingly, this may contribute to the striking coding capability of nervous systems.

[1] V. Klinshov, D. Shchapin, S. Yanchuk, V. Nekorkin, Jittering waves in rings of pulse oscillators, Phys. Rev. E 94, 012206 (2016)
[2] M. Kantner, E. Schöll, S. Yanchuk, Delay-induced patterns in a two-dimensional lattice of coupled  oscillators, Nature Scientific Reports 5, 8522 (2015).
[3] J. P. Pade, L. Lücken, S. Yanchuk, The dynamical impact of a shortcut in unidirectionally coupled rings of oscillators, Math. Model. Nat. Phenom. 8, 173-189 (2013)
[4] M. Kantner, S. Yanchuk, Bifurcation analysis of delay-induced patterns in a ring of Hodgkin-Huxley neurons, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. 371, 20120470 (2013)
[5] O. Popovych, S. Yanchuk and P. Tass, Delay- and coupling-induced firing patterns in oscillatory neural loops, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 228102 (2011), [PDF]
[6] S. Yanchuk, P. Perlikowski, O. Popovych, P. Tass, Variability of spatio-temporal patterns in non-homogeneous rings of spiking neurons, Chaos 21, 047511 (2011)
[7] P. Perlikowski, S. Yanchuk, M. Wolfrum, A. Stefanski, P. Mosiolek, and T. Kapitaniak, Routes to complex dynamics in a ring of unidirectionally coupled systems. Chaos, 20, 013111 (2010)
[8] S. Yanchuk and M. Wolfrum, Destabilization patterns in chains of coupled oscillators, Phys. Rev. E 77 (2008) 026212.

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