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The Complexity of Factors of Multivariate Polynomials
Zitatschlüssel B-The-Complexity-Of-Factors-Of-Multivariate-Polynomials
Autor Peter Bürgisser
Seiten 369-396
Jahr 2004
Journal Foundations of Computational Mathematics
Jahrgang 4
Nummer 4
Notiz There is an erratum for Theorem 5.7, see the Errata section.
Zusammenfassung The existence of string functions, which are not polynomial time computable, but whose graph is checkable in polynomial time, is a basic assumption in cryptography. We prove that in the framework of algebraic complexity, there are no such families of polynomial functions of p-bounded degree over fields of characteristic zero. The proof relies on a polynomial upper bound on the approximative complexity of a factor g of a polynomial f in terms of the (approximative) complexity of f and the degree of the factor g. This extends a result by Kaltofen (STOC 1986). The concept of approximative complexity allows to cope with the case that a factor has an exponential multiplicity, by using a perturbation argument. Our result extends to randomized (two-sided error) decision complexity.
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